Increased U.S. Organic Corn Production in 2016

An update on Monday by Catherine Greene and Dennis Vilorio of the USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) stated that, “The small, longstanding market for organically grown food continues to expand. In 2016, the Nutrition Business Journal estimated U.S. organic food purchases at over $40 billion (about 5 percent of total U.S. at-home food expenditures). Annual sales have shown double-digit growth during most years since 2000, when USDA set national organic standards.

“Converting from conventional to organic production systems requires the use of approved materials and practices in every phase of crop production. For example, most of the synthetic pesticides and fertilizers used for pest and nutrient management in conventional crop production are prohibited in organic production. In addition, farmers cannot be certified organic and receive organic price premiums for their crops and livestock until 3 years after they have adopted organic practices. These organic requirements may decrease crop yields, increase labor requirements, and slow the adoption of certified organic farming systems in some commodity sectors.

Organic price premiums help offset the cost of organic production. For example, organic corn prices are generally two to three times higher than conventional corn prices. As a result, organic corn operations are often more profitable than conventional operations once the 3-year transition period is past.”

“Lower Conventional Corn Prices and Strong Demand for Organic Livestock Feed Spurred Increased U.S. Organic Corn Production in 2016,” by Catherine Greene and Dennis Vilorio. USDA- Economic Research Service, Amber Waves (June 4, 2018).

The ERS update also noted that, “Lower prices for conventionally produced corn—and strong U.S. demand for organic livestock feed—spurred increased U.S. organic corn production starting in 2016. Total U.S. corn acres increased 2 percent between 2011 and 2016, while U.S. certified organic corn acres were up 55 percent during this period and increased 29 percent between 2015 and 2016. However, U.S. organic corn acres are growing from a small base. In addition, demand for organic corn has outpaced its domestic supply for the last decade, and U.S. organic imports have increased as the U.S. organic dairy and poultry sectors expanded. The United States produced organic corn worth $170 million in 2016 and imported organic corn worth $160 million.”

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